sometimes nicknamed “the sneaky thief of sight” is the second leading cause of blindness in the world. It is so called because its effects on your sight or visual field most often occur gradually over time and might only be realized after permanent damage has already happened.
Glaucoma is any of a number of diseases that cause damage to the optic nerves and therefore limit or eventually devastate vision. While it is usually a condition that can come with advanced years, it can also occur in eyes under 50. There are no known absolute causes of Glaucoma, though high intraocular pressure (fluid pressure in the eye) is certainly a factor as well as family history with the disease. Regular eye exams can detect if high intraocular pressure is present and many treatments of glaucoma focus on lowering the pressure.
But there is not yet a cure for glaucoma and medication, prescription eye drops and even laser surgery serve only to maintain the vision that has not yet been lost and help improve the patient’s quality of life.